Mozambique – youngster marriage is driven by sex inequality together with belief that girls are somehow inferior incomparison to men.

* Child marriage prevalence could be the portion of females 20-24 years of age have been hitched or perhaps in union before these people were 18 yrs . old (UNICEF State associated with the World’s kids, 2017)

What exactly is the youngster wedding price? How large of a concern is child marriage?

In accordance with UNICEF, Mozambique gets the ninth child marriage prevalence that is highest price in the field together with fifteenth greatest absolute amount of child brides – 649,000.

The median many years of wedding are cheapest in Cabo Delgado and Manica.

A 2017 World Bank research estimates that closing youngster wedding in Mozambique could view a 15.6per cent boost in profits and efficiency.

Is there country-specific motorists of kid wedding in this nation?

In Mozambique, youngster wedding can also be driven by:

  • Poverty: Girls located in rural elements of Mozambique plus in the poorest households marry at a more youthful age.
  • Gender norms: conventional sex norms continue to operate a vehicle youngster wedding in rural Mozambique, where intimate initiation rites usually enable the subordination of a lady to her spouse.
  • Adolescent pregnancy: Adolescent pregnancy is closely associated with son or daughter wedding. The majority of adolescent mothers are married in their teens in rural areas. On average, girls have actually their very first youngster 15 months when they have hitched. Evidence implies that usage of contraception could considerably reduce teenage pregnancies and son or daughter wedding.

exactly exactly What has this nation invested in?

Mozambique has devoted to expel kid, early and forced wedding by 2030 consistent with target 5.3 regarding the Sustainable Development Goals.

Mozambique co-sponsored the 2013 Human Rights Council quality on son or daughter, early and forced wedding and finalized a joint declaration at the 2014 Human Rights Council calling for an answer on kid wedding.

Mozambique ratified the meeting in the liberties of this youngster in 1994, which sets the very least age of wedding of 18, and acceded to your meeting regarding the eradication of All types of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1997, which obligates states to make sure free and complete permission to wedding.

Mozambique is really a focus nation for the UNICEF-UNFPA Global Programme to Accelerate Action to End Child wedding, a multi-donor, multi-stakeholder programme working across 12 nations over four years.

In 1998 Mozambique ratified the charter that is african the Rights and Welfare associated with the kid, including Article 21 concerning the prohibition of child wedding.

In 2005 Mozambique ratified the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights from the Rights of Women in Africa, including Article 6 which sets the minimal age for wedding as 18.

During its 2016 Universal Periodic Review, Mozambique supported guidelines to ascertain the minimal chronilogical age of wedding at 18 years of age also to operationalise a sex strategy inside the training system to be able to fight son or daughter wedding.

What’s the federal government doing to deal with this during the level that is national?

The Ministry of Gender, kids and personal Affairs is rolling out a National Costed technique to Prevent and Eliminate Child Marriage (2016-2019) that will be being implemented in collaboration with UNICEF, UNFPA in addition to Girls perhaps perhaps maybe Not Brides national partnership (CECAP).

The strategy was created through assessment with numerous ministries, worldwide agencies, donor lovers plus the nationwide Coalition to End Child wedding. It includes eight main pillars, including:

  • A communications and mobilisation campaign that is social
  • Improving girls’ access to training and intimate and health that is reproductive
  • Help for married girls
  • Reform associated with appropriate framework.

What’s the minimal framework that is legal marriage?

Beneath the Family Law 2004 the minimal legal chronilogical age of wedding is 18 years. Nevertheless the statutory legislation additionally permits wedding at 16 years in excellent circumstances with judicial permission.

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, African Charter regarding the Rights and Welfare associated with Child, website, 2018, (accessed 2018 february)

Un, Sustainable Development Knowledge system, website, 2017, (accessed 2018 february)

World Bank and Overseas Center for analysis on ladies, Economic Impacts of Child Marriage: international Synthesis Report, 2017, (accessed February 2018)

* Child marriage prevalence could be the portion of females 20-24 yrs . old have been hitched or in union before they certainly were 18 years old (UNICEF State associated with World’s kids, 2017)

Nationwide Partnership in Mozambique

Girls Not Brides Mozambique may be the girls that are official Brides National Partnership in Mozambique, also called the Coligacao para a Eliminacao ag e Prevencao 2 Casamentos Prematuros (CECAP)

It had been created in 2014.

CECAP is composed of 40 society that is civil and it’s also led the Forum da Sociedade Civil para os Direitos da Crianca (ROSC) with strong help from World Vision Mozambique.

CECAP’s mission is always to eradicate kid wedding in Mozambique through the strengthening of research, policy advocacy, social mobilisation and collaboration among appropriate actors within culture.


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